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gospel of john word study

And Pilate’s cynical question, “What is truth?” showed that he knew neither Jesus nor God’s revelation through him (18:38). God gave the law through Moses. However this article does not permit an exhaustive study of its language. This remarkable, profound portion is not merely a preface or an introduction. “The Word came into being as flesh, and pitched his tent (tented or tabernacled) among us.” This suggests temporary dwelling for thirty-three years. Meta tauta. John's gospel, written between 90 and 100 AD, speaks about God, creation, and the meaning and message of Jesus Christ. In the meantime, others have insisted that John employed Hebrew modes of thought. Features. Skenoo. Unknowingly Caiaphas prophesied that Jesus “should die for (huper) the people, and that the whole nation perish not” (11:50-52; cf. But note Colossians 1:17. Here it refers to Jesus Christ, our Advocate before or “face to face with the Father” (pros ton patera, cf. The universe which at one time did not exist came into being through the eternal Word, and it stands created through him, [Parenthetically, note the words “all things” (panta). In the first two questions, “Lovest thou me?” Jesus used agapao; and Peter answered with phileo. But as a general rule one is justified in observing the finer shades of meaning found in these words. Both of these verbs are translated “I love.” The latter appears in John thirteen times (5:20; 11:3, 36; 12:25; 15:19; 16:27; 20:2; 21:15-17). In the papyri it is used to express the idea of finding guilty and pronouncing sentence. But a more exciting thought is that the divine became Jesus of Nazareth! The third time Jesus used phileo, and Peter answered likewise. This is also a fund-raising opportunity for us that we think could be a successful addition to your church or ministry spiritual arsenal. No other writer reveals Jesus so intimately as John. The latter is used only twice (8:10-11). It carries largely the sense of a process of judging or the result of judging in a condemnatory sense. When used without the definite article, as here, it means in this case the universe in its several parts. His only use of apistos, faithless, is also in this verse. The verb krino means to decide, in the sense of considering two or more things and reaching a decision. For this reason we have selected some of the key words for examination. They wanted Jesus, like Moses, to give them a new supply of victuals for the new day (6:30-31). Its only papyri use refers to washing the hands. We do not have a relationship to the Bible, but the Bible is our guide to our path that is what Psalm 119: 105 states and is also personified in Christ and why we chose this as our ministry name and theme over 30 years ago. For years John was called by many a Hellenistic gospel, or one which reflected primarily Greek modes of thought. John 1:1––‘In the Beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God.’ The first sentence in the Prologue takes us back to Genesis, ‘In the Beginning;’ yet John wants us to see the entire work of creation through the person of Christ. Philos is found six times (3:29; 11:11; 17:13-15; 19:12). He is not to return “until you accomplish (teleo) this for me,” or bring it to its final act of completion. The Gospel of John! But two further examples call for a brief word. In John 8:5 Jesus said, “Before Abraham was, I am.” Literally, “Before Abraham came into being (existence), I always am (always exist).” Thus, in keeping with John 1:1, Jesus himself claimed pre-existence. Sarx. This word means “water.” Sometimes it is used in the natural sense. Being born anothen is a second birth, to be sure. So Jesus Christ was the shekinah glory of God tabernacled in flesh. Agapao and Phileo. Believing that God speaks to the individual through His Word, we have designed these worksheets to lead the Bible student through a series of questions concerning the Scripture passage. This word appears eleven times in John (3:19; 5:22, 24, 27, 29, 30; 7:24; 8:16; 12:31; 16:8, 11). Aletheia, then, is the content of the Christian revelation whether it be used of a person, a body of teaching, or a way of life. The word “miracle” in John is used to translate this word. And he is the “good shepherd” (poimen) or the “beautiful” (kalos) shepherd, beautiful in character and work. The picture is that of one placing his body over that of another to receive the blows intended for the one underneath. The singular meta touto, “after this,” is also found repeatedly. This word Paraclete is found in the New Testament only in John’s writings (Jn. What is the passage describing? This verb means to live or dwell. The question becomes. They insisted that the aeon Christ came upon Jesus at his baptism, and left him on the cross. Subscribe | RSS | Privacy Disclaimer, Southwestern Journal of Theology Vol. As with “living bread” so with “living water.” Jesus is the sustenance for all of man’s spiritual needs. Some scholars insist that Jesus never claimed deity for himself. John's gospel, written between 90 and 100 AD, speaks about God, creation, and the meaning and message of Jesus Christ.This gospel focuses on Jesus as the Word Became Flesh, existing before creation. © 2007 - 2021 Into Thy Word - All Rights Reserved. In 21:1 the author introduces his “appendix” (Chapter 21), which supplements his own account as well as the Synoptics. Category: Journal ArticleTags: Gospel & Acts, John. Here, it means those were following Christ as disciples and can be more than just 12. John looks at the universe severally even down to “even one thing” or atom. It might well be rendered “dear woman.” But it also reminded Mary that the relationship between her and Jesus was no longer that of mother and son. 3:16). 7-15). It helps to clarify John 8:10-11 if “condemn” is read according to the papyri usage of katakrino, to find guilty and pronounce sentence. What strikes you about the second sign of Jesus healing the son of a royal official? In the temple as the water was poured out, the singers chanted Isaiah 12:3. Sarx is “flesh.” It appears thirteen times in John. In each case the context must decide between superficial and true faith. One classical usage is of a cow filling her stomach with food, but never saying, “Thanks,” or asking whence it came or for what purpose it was given. Welcome to the Faith Foundations study guide on John! Teleioo is employed in the legal sense of executing a deed in the proper way, especially of dating and signing it. Katakrino is the most intensive form, meaning to decide down or to reach a final decision. Holding to the Hebraic character of John, one other possibility presents itself. He is the life source and reason for the universe Who will defeat darkness. In verse 10 the Word “always was” [en] in the cosmos, and the cosmos through him came into being [egeneto]). First, in John 1:12, we read, “But to all who received him, who believed in his name, he gave power to become children of God.” 19: 13) where it is translated “Word.” In these passages it refers to the eternal Christ. Together Paul and John exalt Christ supremely as the Creator of the universe.]. In John 3:5 Jesus speaks of being “born of water and of the Spirit.” Some see “water” as referring to baptismal regeneration, despite the weight of New Testament teaching to the contrary. It expresses the very nature of God as love (agape, 1 Jn. It was used of a lawyer, especially one for the defense. When Jesus went to the cross, the world faced a crisis. It appears forty times in this Gospel. Therefore, as used by Jesus with regard to his mother, it carries the dual idea of endearment and respectful separation. Christ is presented as eternal God, the Creator of the universe, and the source of life and light. 6:10). For instance, let us examine them as they appear in the prologue (1:1-18). And in John 7:37-38 Jesus identifies this water as the salvation which men may receive from him. To go away from him is to go into darkness or night. The perfect tense expresses the permanency of the act. But the former appears to be a phrase adopted by John to indicate that he is breaking into the Synoptic record to give additional material not found in them. This word is found one time in John (9:39). There are a number of key words in John's Gospel but the most important is believe [ pisteuo ]. By this, we are enabled to live unto God, to know and trust Him, to have His spiritual light so darkness does not surround or influence us. It is impossible with one word to translate pisteuo into intelligible English. Parakletos. Eimi and Ginomai. The Holy Spirit works in the Christian (Jn. But teleioo carries the idea of completing or accomplishing a work by carrying it through to its intended goal or purpose (Jn. 10:11; 13:37-38; 15:13; 17:19; 18:14). A Verse by verse Exegetical and Inductive in-depth Bible Study in John, What Christ speaks into the universe is done in the universe! In the papyri it is never used of a trial which ended in acquittal. It is a summation of the entire book. At times he almost personifies it, but not quite. This gospel focuses on Jesus as the Word Became Flesh, existing before creation. John's Gospel This series of studies on the Gospel of John will challenge you with John's high view of Christ and confront you, possibly even offend you, with John's presentation of the exclusive and absolute claims made by Jesus Christ about his real identity and about his essential and indispensible role in spiritual life and salvation. In John 4 the play upon “water” contrasts the natural water in Jacob’s well with the “living water” which Jesus would give to the woman of Samaria (vv. The Gospel of John Verse by Verse Bible Study The Word was God (John 1:1-18) - Jesus was both the Word, and God. Space does not permit an exhaustive study of eimi and ginomai in John. “I am the bread of life,” which if one eats he will never hunger (v. 35). In 6:64 Jesus distinguishes between those who truly believe and those who merely render lip service (cf. It is used in John 9:7, 11, 15 where the blind man washed or rinsed only his eyes, not the entire body. Contextually, John 1:1 speaks of the word in relationship to God. The First Disciples of Jesus (John 1:35-51) 4. When John the Baptist witnessed unto the truth, it was a witness unto Christ (5:33). He took man’s body, and nature, apart from sin. Probably the latter. The Jews believed the “signs” which they saw, intellectual belief, but did not believe in Jesus himself (2:23). John 13:30 suggests the mystical nature of light and darkness. Krino is used of judging in legal courts (7:51; 18:31). What follows is every occurrence of “life” in the Gospel of John. The prologue found in the gospel of John echoes the creation story in Genesis: "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." A clear distinction is seen in 21:15-17. A more likely meaning is that of the cleansing of regeneration. This is consistent with the words of Christ in John 6:46, “Not that anyone has seen the Father, except the One who is from God; He has seen the Father.” And this suggests another great word in John. The next day Jesus decided to leave for Galilee. As you study John, you can begin deciding for yourself who Jesus is. In verse 17 John contrasts the old revelation with the new. Jesus said, “I lay down my life for (huper) the sheep” (10: 15). He was not a hireling or time-server, but the true shepherd of his sheep. Note that in John 14:16 Jesus said, “I will pray the Father (Jesus, not the Christian, prays for the Holy Spirit to come), and he will give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you forever.” “Another” (allos) means another of the same kind, like Jesus. It means a distinguishing mark, or at times a miraculous work (Jn. Thus it is an open manifestation of the speaker. It may mean to believe intellectually only, or to believe volitionally. This Bible study is offered free to all who wish to use it as a tool to study the Word of God. A clear distinction between these words is drawn in 19:28. It is the love that God has for the world (3:16). Its basic meaning is “from above.” Ultimately it came to mean “again.” It is evident from John 3:4 that Nicodemus understood it (v. 3) to mean “again.” But all other uses of this word in John clearly mean “from above” (3:31; 19:11, 23). Lessons from the gospel of John. Click on or go to: ... outlined below from the Gospel of John Chapter 4 verses 7 through 18: To a much greater degree, it is the product of a developed theological reflection and grows out of a different circle and tradition. Give me a bath!” Perhaps with a twinkle in his eyes, Jesus took up the thought.  |  As you can see, this book has little pictures of a Bible with the Bible Study Rule used in John’s Gospel. But “the grace and the truth,” which supplement one another, came into being through Jesus Christ. But in 5:1 (plural in Greek text); 6:1; 7:1 he definitely seems to imply that he is passing over large bodies of Synoptic material in order to relate new material. Filled with a wealth of ideas for going deeper so you can return to this study again and again. It is hoped that even a brief glimpse of some words and phrases used in John’s Gospel will illuminate its great truths. Jn. 14:16, 26; 15:26; 17:7; 1 Jn. In verses 1-2 “was” (en) appears four times. In 3:22 he shows that the events in his Gospel up to that time came prior to the arrest of John the Baptist. And both times he calls her gune. This lesson: A Man Sent by God (John 1:19-34) 3. Hudor. It may be used in the sense of discernment or in the legal sense. We also have His insight and reason to help us know Him through His Holy Spirit and the Bible. Be the first to know about our updates and activities. But none of these personified it. THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO JOHN The Gospel according to John is quite different in character from the three synoptic gospels. He had been with God since the beginning, and all things had been created through Him. A Bible Study series on "the Word," the eternal, always-existing, LORD Jesus Christ! It appears in Revelation four times (7:15; 12: 12; 13:6; 21:3), where also the word skene (tent or tabernacle) is found three times (13:6; 15:5; 21:3). In one sense John’s Gospel is built around certain “signs” (cf. He said, “Lord, dost thou rinse my feet?” And then he protested, “Thou shalt never rinse my feet.” Jesus replied, “If I rinse thee not, thou hast no part with me.” Then in characteristic fashion Peter said, “Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands, and my head.” While he did not use the word, this implied louo, a bath. The latter speaks of someone or something which did not exist but which came into being. It comes from chortos, grass (Jn. In 19:30 it was Jesus word expressing that his redemptive act had been brought to a full and final end or goal. Aletheia means “truth.” It is found twenty-five times in John, where in each case it is rendered “truth.” It is one of the key words in this Gospel. Herschel H. Hobbs Thirty-six times it simply means word or saying as a spoken word. John points out Jesus’ Deity as well as His Fleshly existence! With the exception of 11:9-10 (phos) and 6:17; 20:1 (skotia) the uses are in the spiritual sense of “good” and “evil,” or of Christ and the power of Satan. It originally was used of feeding animals. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Phos and Skotia. “I am the light of the world” (author’s italics). Like animals the people gorged themselves on the loaves and fishes, but they did not say, “Thanks,” neither did they ask whence the food came, nor for what purpose it was given. This Bible study is offered free to all who wish to use it as a tool to study the Word of God. The latter seems to be a transitional phrase from one incident in the Gospel to another (cf. Guests were supposed to take a bath before coming to a feast. In 17:23 it suggests the state of completion or perfection. Macus Dods calls the Holy Spirit “Jesus’ alter ego.” B. H. Carroll calls him “the other Jesus.” Jesus worked with the disciples for a few years; and went away. The Dead Sea Scrolls show that this is not based upon Greek thought, but upon Hebrew thought in Palestine during the latter half of the first century A.D. 2. So “truth” is the full unconcealing of the Father as Logos and “grace.”. (In verse 6 John the Baptist “came into being” or “happened” [egeneto]. It is not intended to be sold, and therefore we copyrighted it. In 1:13 it probably is related to sexual desire, “will of flesh.” In 3:6; 17:2 the thought is that of humanity or human nature. Click on or go to: ... reading the Gospel of John Chapter 3, verses 19-21. And Marcus Aurelius related it to the generative principle in nature (Robertson, Word Pictures, 1:1). The question becomes is He speaking in you? The very word uttered by Jesus on the cross, tetelestai, was used to introduce receipt for payment; “It has been paid, payment is still in force, and never again can be demanded.” These are highly suggestive meanings when related to 19:28, 30. John’s stated purpose in writing his Gospel is ‘that ye might believe (present active subjunctive, “that you may keep on believing,” committing or trusting) that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing (present participle, continuing to believe, etc.) The day after the feast these were not burning. When Peter failed to come up to Jesus’ level of love Jesus came down to his. But in 1:14 he says, “And the Word came into being (egeneto) as flesh.” What the Word had not been before, he became. But it is a birth “from above,” from heaven, and of the Spirit. Home | Admissions | Academics | Campus Life | Alumni, All content copyright © 2021 Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary On each of the first seven days of the Feast of Tabernacles priests brought water from the pool of Siloam in golden pitchers. This is one of the great passages on the security of the believer. This opening passage of John sets the stage for the rest of the Gospel. 4:12; Rev. But when John speaks of it (v. 5) he used agapao. Skene does not appear in John’s Gospel. Perhaps the best renderings of pisteuo in the sense of the will would be “commit” or “trust.” In 2:24 it is rendered as “commit” but either of these words would make sense. The … “The one having taken a bath (leloumenos, perfect passive participle, suggesting a scrubbing or thorough bathing) has no need except to rinse (nipto) the feet.”. As verse 18 has it, “God no one has seen (with the eyes) at any time; God only begotten (best texts, P66, P75, Aleph BCL), the one being eternal (on) in the bosom of the Father, he exegeted or brought forth.”. The substantive form, agape, appears in John seven times (5:42; 13:35; 15:9, 10, 13; 17:26). In like fashion did the Father send the Son on his redemptive mission, “until you accomplish this for me.” Just before the Son handed over his spirit to the Father, he said, “Tetelestai.” The final act of his mission has been completed and stands completed. Participants will gain a deeper understanding of the drama of Scripture, the relevant historic … The word “always was”; He “always was equal with God” (pros ton Theon, “with God” means “face to face with” or “equal to God”); “and the Word always was” is repeated with emphasis in verse 2. All other uses of krino and krisis (listed above) are used in the sense of a legal judgment exercised by God in Christ. For said they, “thou, being a man, makest thyself God” (v. 33). Logos itself means the spoken word. In 8:50 the Father shall decide whether Jesus or the Jews are right concerning his person and work. The definite articles serve to personify these elements. In each case the context will decide. The First Miracle of Jesus (John 2:1-25) 5. Note that in 5:24 “condemnation” should read “judgment.” In 5:29 “damnation” should read the same. The Paraclete is “the Spirit of truth,” arid he will guide the disciples into all truth (16:13). But at others it involves a mystical meaning. Whether you are just beginning your new life with Christ, or have been a Christian for many years, this study guide is for you. Endearment and respect, but also separation. Its peculiar significance is seen in the other four uses (1:1, 14; cf. It is a community of committed believers serving the Lord in a center for research and practicum. LifeChange LifeChange Bible studies will help you grow in Christlikeness through a life-changing encounter with God’s Word. Arndt and Gingrich, following certain classic Greek writers, render leloumenos as “newly bathed, after the bath.” So, in effect, Jesus told Peter that if he took a bath before he came, he only needed to have his feet rinsed. In 3:19 “condemnation” (krisis) means the process of judging. Paul uses it in Colossians 1:16-17 in the same sense (“all things”), except that he uses the definite article (ta panta). Help us Build a Pasadena Schaeffer Center! The Jews so understood him. But in the light of the word “glory” the emphasis is upon “tabernacled.” God dwelt in Israel’s tabernacle as the shekinah glory. “I AM,” Exodus 3:14). This is more than a book looking at what John recorded and explaining it in ways you rarely see. We have a wondrous new tool to help you in your Bible reading efforts! In 8:15-16 note both krino and krisis in the sense of forming an opinion on the part of both the Pharisees and Jesus. Phileo, on the other hand, expresses the warmer love of friendship. In chapter 5, verse 4 was not part of the original story but was added later to explain why disabled people chose this spot to hang out. Teleo and Teleioo. 2:19). 1:1; 5:7; Rev. Philo, the Jewish-Alexandrian philosopher who sought to harmonize Greek philosophy and Hebrew theology, uses logos about thirteen hundred times. It expresses the essential, eternal being of the Word. Gune. He uses pistos, faithful, only once (20:27). It comes from alpha privative (a) and letho, “to conceal.” Therefore, it means the unconcealed, or the opened. In verse 14 after the word becomes flesh, in the Gospel of John, each reference to “God” is in reference to the Father. Huper (for). If you paid for this Bible study, please report this to us. In one papyri example a father sends his son on a mission. In 1:14 “flesh” refers to the incarnation of the eternal Christ in a flesh and blood body. Jesus Christ is the One and only true God who created everything and gave us life. Back to eimi and ginomai. Those who claim to see in a spiritual sense, but who refuse Christ, will receive his condemnatory sentence. An examination of the above-mentioned passages in Robertson’s A Harmony of the Gospels will prove to be helpful. The entire dialogue between Jesus and Nicodemus centers in the contrast between the earthly or natural birth and the heavenly or “from above” birth. As the shepherd “over” the sheep, they “shall never (double negative, au me, “not never”) be destroyed,” since no one is able to snatch them from either his or the Father’s hand (10:28- 29). Anothen is translated “again” in John 3:3, 7. This verb means “I believe.” It is one of the great words in John’s Gospel. For instance, the Stoics used logos for the soul of the world. Word Count: 1261. Louo appears only one time in John (13:10). Dr. W. Hersey Davis once spoke of this love as expressing the state of absolute loyalty to its object. The Principle of Life—To Change Death into Life This word appears in John 19:28, 30. So Jesus asked if he really loved him as such. It is little wonder that Peter was grieved. Krisis is the substantive corresponding to krino. They were so enraged that they picked up stones and bore them from a distance (literal meaning of “took up,” ebastasan, v. 31) to stone him. This summary of the Gospel of John provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Gospel of John. How to Build Your Faith to Share Your Faith. It is the perfect passive indicative of teleo. They invariably arrived with dirty feet in need of rinsing. John most likely wrote his account of Jesus between AD 70 (when Jerusalem was besieged by the Romans and the temple was destroyed) and AD 100 (the approximate end of John’s lifetime). He is the “way” (hodos) or “road” to the Father (14:6), the “door” (thura) into the fold of God (10:7). Many who hold to this Hebrew view have looked for John’s use of logos either in the Hebrew “word” or else in Proverbs 8, where “wisdom” seemingly is personified. We designed this study with Sunday school classes, Bible study groups, and even individual students in mind. Logos (Word). The bread which he gives is his “flesh” “which I give for (huper) the life of the world” (6:51). Verse 5 pictures darkness chasing light, as night follows or chases day (cf. All went well until he came to Peter. When he has dethroned Satan, the world must either receive or reject him. Agapao expresses the formal and highest form of love. If you paid for this Bible study, please report this to us. This phrase “after these things” appears of ten in John. In verses 6, 9, 11, 13, 26 it is translated “loaves.” It is used generically for food in verses 5, 7, 23. It is true that Jesus was divine. It was commonly used for “reason” or “speech.” On what basis did John choose logos to refer to Christ?

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